This is just a very quick example on how to add a Voltage Divider to the ESP8266 Internal ADC input to increase the ADC input range.For more theory behind, please take a look at the previous related article: ESP8266 – Internal ADC

**Today project**:

Measure a voltage input range from 0-5V with the ESP8266 internal ADC

**What do we need:**

- 2 Resistors for the voltage divider, R1=105.6k, R2=24.08k. I am using here precision resistors and the values are measured values with a proper calibrated bench meter.

- a good, trustable, calibrated ok Multimeter.
- some wires to connect all together.

I will not insist on connections, take a deeper look at the previous article about

Voltage divider schematic and Vout (ADC input voltage) formula |

**How do we do it :**

**1. Measure your Max desired input voltage**

** ** In my case, Max Input Voltage (Vmax) = 5.1919 (measured)

**2. Measure Resistors values:**

R1 = 105.6k

R2 = 24.08k

**3. Check if Full Scale Value at the voltage divider output is inside the ADC defined domain:**

- Calculated :
**Vout = (R2/(R1+R2))*Vin**= 0.964072733 V

- Measured = 0.96038V

Good enough for the precision we are looking for. ESP8266 ADC is 10bit only and not exactly the most accurate in town

**4. Calculate Voltage Divider Ratio:**

- Vdivider Ratio= Max Input Voltage/Fullscale value = 5.405976676

**5. Read ADC value : **

adcr = adc.read(0) print(" ReadADC : "..adcr)

Average result for adcr = 1017

**THIS IS IMPORTANT !!** It tell us that we are inside the ADC domain as adcr < 1024 !

IF adcr > 1023 then you need to adjust your voltage divider resistors to fit inside ADC domain!

**6. Calculate LSB in 2 ways to cross check that we have the right value:**

- LSB = Input Voltage read by multimeter/ADC readed Value =

= 5.1919 / 1017 = **0.005105113 V** ** OR **

- LSB = (ADC Input pin read Voltage by multimeter/ADC readed Value/)*Vdivider Ratio =

** = **(0.96038/1017)*5.405976676** = 0.005105113 V ** It looks that we have the right LSB Value for our exercise!

If you want to know also the ADC LSB, then

LSB = ADC Input pin read Voltage by multimeter/ADC readed Value = ** **

** = **0.96038/1017 = **0.000944346 V**

Guess what’s happening if you multiply ADC LSB with Vdivider ratio 🙂

**7. Software Implementation for the ADC read function:**

function readADC() ad = 0 LSB = 0.005105113 --calibrate based on your voltage divider AND Vref! adcr = adc.read(0) ad= adcr*LSB print(" ReadADC : "..adcr) print(" Read Voltage : "..ad) return ad end

and some results in the terminal window:

> SENT: readADC() readADC() ReadADC : 1017 Read Voltage : 5.191899921 >